Internet Marketing

What Is Digital Advertising? (Your Digital Ad Handbook)

Today, businesses worldwide spend more than $250 billion on digital advertising each year. That number continues to increase due to the impressive return on investment (ROI) generated by digital ads. For companies that want to stay competitive, it’s essential to take your ad strategy online.

What is digital advertising, though?

This handbook is here to answer that question. It also covers the topics that matter to company decision-makers, like how much online advertising costs, why it matters, and how to build a successful strategy. Keep reading to start learning more about online digital advertising!

If you already know why digital media advertising matters, but need professional help, contact WebFX. We’ve managed hundreds of successful ad campaigns and generated more than $1.5 billion in revenue for our clients in the past five years.

Call us at 888-601-5359 or contact us online to learn more about our digital advertising services!

Don't forget, whether you're a local that needs digital advertising services, or you're looking for digital advertising services in Miami, WebFX is here for you!

WebFX can help you reach your advertising goals.

Contact us today for a free quote!

Ok, what is digital advertising?

If you’re familiar with traditional advertising, digital advertising shares a few similarities.

Like traditional advertising, it promotes your business, products, and services to generate brand awareness, sales, and more. It leverages digital, rather than traditional channels, however. Instead of billboards and magazines, your ads appear on Google, Facebook, YouTube, and more.

Promotes your business, products, and services to generate brand awareness, sales, and more

Online advertising also comes with a massive amount of data. You can track the performance of your campaigns in real-time, for example. In addition, you can learn about the demographics, interests, and habits of the people viewing and interacting with your ads.

The quick definition of digital advertising?

It’s a targeted, data-driven advertising strategy for reaching consumers in every stage of the buying funnel and moving them from one stage of the buying funnel to the next. From awareness to purchase, you can use digital media advertising to drive revenue.

Some of our client Successes

case study Increased
Traffic by
Ocean City NJ paddle boat
case study Increased
Rate by
image of heavy equipment
case study Increased
Generated by
“We measure our success by how much we WOW our clients.”

Bill Craig
WebFX President

Bill Craig
See how we can help you
Grow Your Business
Want to speak with an expert? Call us at 888-601-5359

How does online digital advertising work?

Compared to traditional advertising, online digital advertising works in an unusual way.

With traditional advertising, your business generally pays a provider, like a billboard company, upfront. That’s not the case with digital advertising. When you use digital advertising, you only pay when a user completes a desired action on your ad.

This action can range from clicking on your ad to viewing your ad.

When you use digital advertising, 
you only pay when a user completes a desired action on your ad. This action can range from clicking on your ad to viewing your ad.

For example, you may launch an ad campaign with a cost-per-click (CPC) of $2.00. This means you’re willing to pay $2.00 for every click on your ad. You might pay less, however, due to the auction algorithms of different platforms, like Google and Facebook.

If you partner with an advertising agency, the payment process is somewhat different.

You pay an upfront management fee, for example, which covers the costs of developing and managing your strategy. Your company also sets aside a designated ad spend, which is what you pay ad platforms, like Google, to deliver or show your ads.

When you use digital advertising, you can also use advanced targeting methods to reach your target audience. These targeting features go beyond the capabilities of traditional marketing which forces your business to target people in and outside of your target market.

A few of the most common targeting options in digital advertising include:

  • Keywords: With keyword targeting, you can reach people who search keywords and phrases related to your business. As an example, a flower shop may target phrases like, “florist for wedding.”
  • Interests: With interest targeting, advertising platforms like Google Ads and Facebook allow your business to reach users past on their past behavior. For example, your ads can appear for shoppers with an interest in hiking and camping.
  • Demographics: With demographic targeting, you can reach consumers based on their demographic information, like their age, location, and even parental status. A daycare center may target parents between the ages of 25-34, for instance.
  • Remarketing: With remarketing, your business can target users that visited your site. Your ad campaign, for example, may show ads to people who not only looked at your service page but also match the demographics of your target market.

Like traditional advertising, however, digital advertising requires research and planning. Before you launch your campaign, for example, you need to determine your advertising goals, strategy, budget, and more.

A checklist for  launching a digital advertising campaign

In most cases, launching an online digital advertising campaign includes the following checklist:

  • Create your goals
  • Build your strategy
  • Set your budget
  • Choose your ad platforms
  • Acquire your ad creatives, like copy and media
  • Implement post-launch ad optimizations

This approach is significantly different from traditional advertising. With digital advertising, your team can continue to optimize and improve your campaign, even after it launches. In comparison, your company only has one chance to nail your traditional advertising campaign.

4 definitive bidding models in digital advertising

Before exploring the different types of digital advertising ads, it’s helpful to understand the different bidding models available with online digital advertising. That way, you can choose the best option for your business and its campaigns.

The four most common bidding models in digital advertising include:

1. Cost-per-click (CPC)

With CPC, your business pays every time someone clicks on your ad. For marketers, CPC is a go-to choice because you’re paying someone to interact, rather than view your ad. A click also brings users to your site (or another dedicated landing page), which can motivate them to convert.

A variety of advertising platforms use CPC, including:

  • Google Ads
  • Bing Ads
  • Facebook
  • Instagram
  • Twitter
  • And more

These platforms also offer additional bidding models, which you can learn more about below.

2. Cost-per-thousand-impressions (CPM)

With CPM, your company pays when your ad earns 1000 impressions or views. While CPM is excellent for building brand awareness for well-known brands, like Coca-Cola or Pepsi, it’s not cost-effective for small-to-midsize businesses (SMBs). A view doesn’t translate to the kind of actions you want, like purchases.

Like CPC, CPM is available on several advertising platforms, including:

  • Google Ads
  • Bing Ads
  • Facebook
  • Instagram
  • YouTube
  • And more

Whether you’re advertising on social media or search engines, you can use CPM.

3. Cost-per-lead (CPL)

With CPL, your business pays every time your ad generates a new lead. If you’re a business-to-business (B2B) company, this bidding option can work well. It’s essential, however, to develop an ad that targets high-quality users as you don’t want to pay for low-quality leads.

With CPL, it's essential to develop an ad that targets high-quality users as you don’t want to pay for low-quality leads

A few examples of advertising platforms that offer CPL include Google Ads and Facebook.

4. Cost-per-action (CPA)

With CPA, your company pays when a user completes a desired action. This action includes a variety of conversions, from signing up for an email newsletter to purchasing a specific product. Companies often use this bidding option on social media but can take advantage of it on other channels, like search.

A couple common advertising platforms for CPA include Facebook and Instagram.

4 types of digital advertising for your business

Advertise your business online, and your company can take advantage of four types of digital advertising:


Today, 80 percent of shoppers start their product research online. Many go to their favorite search engine, like Google, Bing, or Yahoo!, to get started. With search advertising, your company can promote your products and services on these platforms.

A screenshot of online ads on Google
A screenshot of online ads on Bing
A screenshot of online ads on Yahoo!

While your ads can appear in search results (like in the examples above), they can also display across affiliate websites. Google, for example, features a search partners network. This network consists of sites approved to display ads created for Google.

When you create ads for search, you target specific searches or keywords. For the best results, your business should target transactional keywords, which means the searcher wants to buy something, like landscaping services for their business or emergency heating and cooling services for their home.

If you’re looking to reach users in earlier stages of the buying funnel, it’s more cost-effective to use digital marketing. You can use content marketing and search engine optimization (SEO), for example, to appear at the top of relevant, informational searches related to landscaping or HVAC upkeep.

You can even use digital or pay-per-click (PPC) advertising to support your other online marketing strategies. PPC, for instance, is an excellent partner to SEO. While you’re working on increasing your organic rankings via SEO, PPC helps your business establish an immediate presence in search results.

As an example, look at the search results below.

An screenshot of digital ads and organic search results

Salesforce, a software-as-a-service (SaaS) provider, appears as an organic and paid search result. The company’s coordinated PPC and SEO effort allows it to capitalize on searches related to its products and services.

If you start a PPC and SEO campaign, this example can serve as a long-term goal for your business. At the beginning of your strategy, you won’t appear at the top of organic search results, but PPC can help your company establish an instant presence in high-value search results.


A significant percentage of users (90 percent, in fact) credit video for helping them make a purchase decision. That’s why display is becoming a core part of digital advertising. When you advertise via display channels, you can incorporate compelling images and videos into your ads.

With display advertising, your ads appear across affiliate websites, which can include YouTube. You can launch a display advertising campaign with search engines like Google, Bing, and Yahoo!. For many businesses, Google is the preferred choice because its display ads appear on YouTube.

Google’s ownership of YouTube is significant, as 80 percent of people admit to switching between search and video channels when researching a product or service. That means your company could reach users on both pivotal channels.


Companies can also take advantage of digital advertising on social media networks, which include:

With social media, your business can create text, image, and video ads. If you decide to use social media for promoting your company, try to build video or image ads, as these tend to perform better than text ads.

With social media, your business can create text, image, and video ads

As a digital media advertising channel, social media also offers your business access to additional bidding options. For example, on Twitter, you can use cost-per-follow (CPF) if you’re looking to earn more followers. Or, you can use cost-per-send (CPS) on LinkedIn if you want to reach passive candidates.


Businesses that invest in social media advertising also partner with influencers on various social media networks. Influencers carry immense value because they have the trust and respect of your target audience, which means they can recommend products or services with success.

Compared to other digital advertising channels, influencers adopt a different pricing model. For example, an influencer may have a flat-rate fee based on their number of followers or engagement rates on posts. Or, they may charge your business on the performance of your sponsored posts.

As an example, influencers on Instagram generally follow one of two pricing models.

  • $10 per post, per 1000 followers
  • $250 to $750 per 1000 post engagements

Many companies prefer influencers that charge based on post engagement. That’s because post engagement tends to provide a more accurate view of that influencer’s audience. Plus, you want users to interact with your sponsored post because that moves them down the funnel.

How much does online digital advertising cost?

Like traditional advertising, your company can spend as much as you like on digital advertising.

On average, however, SMBs dedicate $9000 to $10,000 per month to online digital advertising. That translates to an annual investment of $100,000 to $120,000 per year. While your business may spend more or less, this amount can serve as a point of reference for your team.

On average, SMBs dedicate $9000 to $10,000 per month to online digital advertising

If you’re pitching company decision-makers on digital advertising, create a potential budget. This hypothetical budget should include a breakdown of your costs, which can range from your monthly ad spend to your advertising tech.

How to create a successful digital advertising campaign

For your digital advertising campaign to succeed, you want to follow these industry-best practices:


While your business knows what makes your product or service amazing, your target audience doesn’t. Use your ads to showcase the unique benefits of your goods. It’s also essential for your team to convey these advantages in a way that resonates with your market.

As an example, if you’re a landscaping company, you need to ask what your audience wants from a landscaper. Do they want non-intrusive service, one-of-a-kind gardens, or something else? Research your audience online to determine what they’re looking for in a landscaper.

You can also promote savings, like a free quote, to make your offer even more compelling.


If you want users to interact with your ads, whether across search, social media, or video, write some snappy ad copy. As many ad providers, like Google, maintain character limits on ad copy, you need short, yet compelling text to hook your audience.

Appeal to your audience’s interests, needs, and pain points to create successful ad copy and creatives

Even if you’re investing in display ads, it’s essential for your team to develop ad creatives that grab your audience’s attention. You can use a compelling offer or emotional appeal to get users to watch your video or click on your ad.

Appeal to your audience’s interests, needs, and pain points to create successful ad copy and creatives.


A lot of businesses decide to build creatives for digital advertising in-house. If you’re a company with an in-house team of designers and videographers, this move makes sense. Otherwise, it’s a decision that can cost your business money.

While you may pay more upfront for graphics and videos from professionals, custom creatives can help the long-term performance of your ad. They show your company’s professionalism and quality, which can serve as trust signals for users in your target audience.

Invest in top-notch creatives upfront to get the most from your digital advertising strategy.


Companies often start with a broad target audience with online digital advertising. This approach can result in a ton of ad clicks and even conversions, but rarely achieve your overall goal of working with your ideal client or shopper.

That’s why your business should focus your ads on your dream customer. With digital advertising, your company can access advanced target options, which can help your team reach the consumers you want. While you may see fewer clicks and conversions, you will notice an increase in customer quality.

Plus, this approach saves your business money as you’re only paying for the users that matter.

If you're still confused on some of the marketing terminology, check out our blog post!

Need some help with online digital advertising?

Even though digital advertising offers immense opportunity, it’s not easy to launch and maintain a successful campaign. It’s time-consuming too. That’s why businesses partner with agencies that specialize in online digital advertising, like WebFX.

If you’re looking for a custom strategy from a trusted agency with more than 400 testimonials from satisfied clients, contact WebFX. We feature some of the industry’s most advanced marketing technology and an unparalleled client recommendation score (it’s 488 percent higher than the industry average).

Talk with an award-winning strategist by contacting us online or calling 888-601-5359!